TOPIC 1: THE STEM GENDER GAP TOPIC 1: THE STEM GENDER GAP

It is well-known that, traditionally, women have been underrepresented in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math. Recent studies show that this line is consistent as woman still remain under-represented in R&D in every region worldwide. Some of the latest UNESCO data shows that, in North America and Western Europe, the average representation for woman in R&D is of 32% (with the lowest average found in Luxemburg with only a 21% and in the Netherlands with a 24%). A totally different situation is found in Central and Eastern Europe, where the overall average rises up to 40%. In fact, in FYROM, Latvia and Lithuania, woman represent more than 50% and in Romania, Croatia, Moldova, Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia and Belarus the percentage exceeds a more than decent 40%.

Dispite the positive trend ocurring in Eastern Europe, a wide array of studies indicate a disparity between the number of woman studying science and those who go on board in science careers. In fact, in many regions worldwide, the percentage of woman enrolled in science education programs declines from bachelor to undergraduate or graduate degrees, as well as in further research programs.

A number of reasons, including an absence of mentoring and career support, a lack of female role models or prevailing stereotypes, have been found to explain and understand the trends shown above.

  • Prejudices and bias

Many studies show negative prejudices towards hiring women in STEM research careers. This can be understood as hidden cultural influences: For instance, studies showed that not being used to see women in STEM occupations could form a vision in which those two concepts ("woman" and "STEM") were not connected, therefore provoking a bias. Eventually, the harder it is for women to succeed in STEM careers, the more discouraged they will be to pursue them.

  • STEM degrees and healthcare

In fact, within the STEM realm, gender prejudices can be the cause why women are more likely to work in healthcare occupations rather than in research or in business enterprises: While man are still associated with leadership positions, women are commonly regarded as caregivers. This might lead them to choose occupations related to that sector or to drop out of the work environment to become the family primary housekeeper.

  • Career conciliation

This is, in turn, linked to the conflict that many women face as they try to compatibilize career ambitions with familiar responsibilities. The structures and culture of science careers tend to be less favourable for women when it comes to family conciliation and could even be regarded as an institutional form of prejudice.

Questions

 Do you agree with the ideas showed above? Which of the reasons mentioned is of more importance? Can you think of other causes that explain the gender gap? Share your thoughts!

 

 

Message Boards (TOPIC 1: THE STEM GENDER GAP) Message Boards (TOPIC 1: THE STEM GENDER GAP)

topic 1

Online Slot Gambling - Pasar123

The Pasar123 online casino provides one of the most amazing slot video games on Indonesia. The gambling establishment is operated by PAGCOR as well as iGaming. They additionally offer a reward game for actual cash. In addition to offering slots, PASAR123 additionally provides a variety of casino video games including online casino site, Idn online poker, and also speed pc gaming. These games can be played using actual cash, Indonesian bucks, or euro currency. You can pick the game you like by adhering to the links listed below.

The video game is readily available in both English and also Indonesian, which makes it much easier for individuals to play. The website also gives a variety of choices for players to put a bet. In addition to a wide variety of choices, you can additionally delight in cost-free games. Among the greatest things about this site is that you can play a selection of video games, including your preferred slots. You can likewise play for cash. You can likewise win a reward if you win a reward.

There are lots of advantages to playing at Pasar123. The site is simple to use, it's risk-free, and its jackpots are really lucrative. There are many ways to win money. You can likewise try your luck at the slots. Simply bear in mind to play safely, as well as don't invest too much! There are plenty of games to select from. There are many different ways to win. Just bear in mind to have fun! It's never ever far too late to play a favorite video game!

One of the very best things about pasar123 is that it is an excellent place to play slots. The site features an extraordinary variety of slots, all upgraded in genuine time, as well as has a lot of video games to choose from. With so many ways to win, you'll never be tired. If you're looking for a place to play your favored slots, you've pertained to the ideal area. The gambling establishment likewise includes a host of other video games, such as video texas hold'em.

In addition to the slots, you can likewise play a great deal of other video games on the website. You can play a great deal of different games at Pasar123. The internet site includes greater than 1,500 slot video games. The gambling enterprise additionally supplies an online chat function. The site is easy to browse. You can begin playing in your leisure time. When you're ready to play, all you require to do is sign up for a cost-free trial and also join the website's social media.

There are additionally a variety of various other video games provided at Pasar123. These video games are developed to give you with an interesting as well as enjoyable betting experience. Some of these are cost-free to play, as well as others require you to register. Depending on your choice, you can bet actual money or simply for enjoyable. You can also win big with Pasar123! When you're playing a lot of slots, you can wager real money as well as win a huge pot.

You can play a lot of different games. The online video games are developed to be very enjoyable as well as very easy to accessibility. There are numerous various video games you can play for actual cash. You can play blackjack, texas hold'em, baccarat, as well as many other prominent video games on Pasar123. These video games are terrific for anyone who loves to wager. They're the excellent means to invest an afternoon. A great deal of individuals have actually won significant quantities of cash money playing online slots.

There's a great deal to do at Pasar123. There are a number of various video games that you can bet fun. One of the most prominent of these is judi bola, which is a game that is very similar to poker. The video game is a fun way to invest your leisure! If you're trying to find an area to play slot video games, you have actually concerned the ideal location. It's very easy to play for genuine cash!

There are several advantages of using a Pasar123. It's a great area to play a selection of on-line video games. The games are really affordable and the payments are quickly. It deserves checking out the website to see how it works. An excellent place to start playing is a casino site. A lot of individuals play online slots due to the fact that they intend to make some additional money. They can win big if they understand the ideal people to have fun with.
0 (0 Votos)

Contestación rápida