TOPIC 1: THE STEM GENDER GAP TOPIC 1: THE STEM GENDER GAP

It is well-known that, traditionally, women have been underrepresented in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math. Recent studies show that this line is consistent as woman still remain under-represented in R&D in every region worldwide. Some of the latest UNESCO data shows that, in North America and Western Europe, the average representation for woman in R&D is of 32% (with the lowest average found in Luxemburg with only a 21% and in the Netherlands with a 24%). A totally different situation is found in Central and Eastern Europe, where the overall average rises up to 40%. In fact, in FYROM, Latvia and Lithuania, woman represent more than 50% and in Romania, Croatia, Moldova, Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia and Belarus the percentage exceeds a more than decent 40%.

Dispite the positive trend ocurring in Eastern Europe, a wide array of studies indicate a disparity between the number of woman studying science and those who go on board in science careers. In fact, in many regions worldwide, the percentage of woman enrolled in science education programs declines from bachelor to undergraduate or graduate degrees, as well as in further research programs.

A number of reasons, including an absence of mentoring and career support, a lack of female role models or prevailing stereotypes, have been found to explain and understand the trends shown above.

  • Prejudices and bias

Many studies show negative prejudices towards hiring women in STEM research careers. This can be understood as hidden cultural influences: For instance, studies showed that not being used to see women in STEM occupations could form a vision in which those two concepts ("woman" and "STEM") were not connected, therefore provoking a bias. Eventually, the harder it is for women to succeed in STEM careers, the more discouraged they will be to pursue them.

  • STEM degrees and healthcare

In fact, within the STEM realm, gender prejudices can be the cause why women are more likely to work in healthcare occupations rather than in research or in business enterprises: While man are still associated with leadership positions, women are commonly regarded as caregivers. This might lead them to choose occupations related to that sector or to drop out of the work environment to become the family primary housekeeper.

  • Career conciliation

This is, in turn, linked to the conflict that many women face as they try to compatibilize career ambitions with familiar responsibilities. The structures and culture of science careers tend to be less favourable for women when it comes to family conciliation and could even be regarded as an institutional form of prejudice.

Questions

 Do you agree with the ideas showed above? Which of the reasons mentioned is of more importance? Can you think of other causes that explain the gender gap? Share your thoughts!

 

 

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Oittm Smart Light Switch

Whether you're at home or thousands of miles away, Oittm's Smart Dimmer Light Switch is an all-in-one approach to lighting automation.

The switch can be controlled using the "Smart Life" app, Amazon Alexa, or Google Assistant, and unlike most smart bulbs, it doesn't need a hub to work.

Finally, the dimmer is a convenient solution that will save you money, allow you to experiment with home automation, and assist you in understanding tomorrow's future.

Specification

- Input: 120V; 60HZ

- Max Output: 400W INC; 150W CFL; 150W LED (dimmable bulbs)

- Switch Compatibility: Single Pole Only

- Size: 1 Gang Box

- Requirements: Neutral wire

- Wireless Frequency/Standard: 2.4GHz; IEEE802.11 b/g/n

Smart Light Bulb with Soft White Light 2800k-6200k + RGBW, TECKIN

RGBCW Multicolor Smart Wi-Fi Bulbs, Compatible with Alexa and Google Home, Equivalent 100W Bulb with Timing, 13W, 1300 Lumens, 2700K-6500K, E26, RGBCW Multicolor Smart Wi-Fi Bulbs, Compatible with Alexa and Google Home, Equivalent 100W Bulb with Timing, 13W, 1300 Lumens, 2700K-6500K, E26

- Safety and energy-saving

- More widely used

- Customize the color

- APP control – Note

- Voice control
 
Outlets Wi-Fi Smart Plugs compatible with smart life devices

Smart plugs are ultimately plug-in outlets, whether they're marketed as smart switches, smart outlets, or any variation thereof (or power strips). They plug into a wall outlet or a traditional power strip and have their own outlet, which you can then plug the device you want to automate into. By plugging one in, you're not adding or subtracting any outlets; you're simply making an existing outlet smart by connecting it to your home Wi-Fi network.

With that in mind, the first thing you should think about is where you want your smart plug to go. While the majority of them are small enough to fit next to one another in a standard wall outlet, power strips are a different storey. It's critical to consider where the plug's outlet is located if you have a crowded power strip. On the side of some, there are outlets. Depending on the type of power strip you're using and where it's located, this layout can be easier or more difficult to access.

Specification

- Work with Android 4.4 & IOS 8 or higher system

- supports 2.4GHz network

- No Hub Required

Oittm 3L Ultrasonic Wifi Smart Humidifier

The Smart Humidifier ($59.99) from Oittm is a large diffuser and humidifier that can help you sleep comfortably without lifting a finger.

It has a 3L tank capacity and can mist at a rate of 250 ml/h. It can be controlled via the Smart Life app or the Alexa and Google voice assistants.

This is one of the best humidifiers I've ever used, and I guarantee that by the end of this review, you'll be begging to purchase it.

Specification

- Rate Power: 28W

- Voltage: DC 100-240V

- Dimensions: 6.38 x 6.38 x 13.38 (inch)

- Water Capacity: 3L/0.8 Gal

- Mist Volume: 250 mL/H

- Run Time: 12-26 hrs
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